What Is Diabetes?
Diabetes is where your blood sugar or blood glucose levels are too high. Glucose comes from the food you eat. The body produces a hormone called insulin that helps regulate the glucose in your cells. The cells need glucose for energy. With Type 1 diabetes, the body doesn’t make enough insulin. Type 2 diabetes is more common and this is where your body doesn’t make or use insulin well. Without insulin, glucose can stay in your blood and cause problems. Too much glucose can damage kidneys, eyes, and nerves. Diabetes can cause stroke and heart disease.
A blood test can show if you have diabetes. You can also have prediabetes. With prediabetes, this means that blood sugar is higher than normal but not enough to be considered diabetes. Having this can put you at a higher risk of developing diabetes. Common warning signs of diabetes include increased thirst, blurred vision, increased hunger, and frequent urination